Intervention | Protest von Sexworker_innen, NGOs und Wissenschaft

EU-Report zur Freierkriminalisierung

Der EU»Report on Pro­sti­tu­tion and Sexual Exploi­ta­tion and its Impact on Gen­der Equa­lity« schlägt die Kri­mi­na­li­sie­rung von Prostitutionskund_innen nach dem »Schwe­di­schen Modell« vor. Sexarbeiter_innen, NGOs und Wissenschaftler_innen kri­ti­sie­ren die man­gelnde Berück­sich­ti­gung wis­sen­schaft­li­cher Erkennt­nisse zu den nega­ti­ven Fol­gen der Freierkriminalisierung.

Als Zei­chen des Pro­tests ent­stan­den u.a. ein infor­mel­ler Gegen­re­port einer zunächst am EU-Report betei­lig­ten Wis­sen­schaft­le­rin, sowie zahl­rei­che Prost­schrei­ben. Die ICRSE kom­men­tiert:


A Cri­ti­que of the “Report on Pro­sti­tu­tion and Sexual Exploi­ta­tion and its Impact on Gen­der Equa­lity” by Mary Honey­ball, MEP

Tue, 18 Febru­ary 2014 ICRSE Coordinator


Dear Mem­bers of the Euro­pean Parliament,

We, the under­si­gned, would like to voice our serious con­cerns regar­ding the “Report on Pro­sti­tu­tion and Sexual Exploi­ta­tion and its Impact on Gen­der Equa­lity”, draf­ted by Mary Honey­ball, MEP for Lon­don, which will be voted upon during a ple­nary ses­sion on the 27th of Febru­ary 2014 at the Euro­pean Par­lia­ment. The report recom­mends the so-called “Swe­dish Model” – by which buy­ing sexual ser­vices is cri­mi­na­li­sed but sel­ling them remains legal.The aim of this let­ter is not to rei­te­rate our argu­ments against the Swe­dish Model. We believe sex workers’ orga­ni­sa­ti­ons them­sel­ves will have alre­ady demons­tra­ted the inef­fec­tiv­en­ess and dan­gers of this model and we stron­gly recom­mend con­sul­ting and lis­ten­ing to them in regards to poli­cies and all other mat­ters that directly affect them.

We would like to draw your atten­tion to the ina­de­quacies of the Report, which is based lar­gely on inac­cu­rate and/or mis­re­p­re­sen­ta­tive data. The sour­ces cited are eit­her stu­dies which have been dis­credi­ted, or are selec­ted to relate to spe­ci­fic cir­cum­stan­ces which do not reflect the expe­ri­en­ces of many people working as sex workers. Nor does the Report con­sider the exten­sive evi­dence from peer-reviewed aca­de­mic stu­dies demons­tra­ting the pro­blems asso­cia­ted with the model pro­po­sed. We are con­cer­ned that this report is not of an accep­ta­ble stan­dard on which to base a vote that would have such a serious, and poten­ti­ally dan­ge­rous, impact on alre­ady mar­gi­na­li­sed popu­la­ti­ons, i.e. migrants and EU citi­zens earning or com­ple­men­ting their live­lihoods by pro­vi­ding sexual ser­vices in exch­ange for payment.

We are aware that the mat­ter you have been asked to vote upon is for many a com­pli­ca­ted or uncom­for­ta­ble one. Howe­ver, we would like to ask you to look at the abun­dance of evi­dence that coun­ters the claims made in Ms Honeyball’s report. We com­pi­led a selec­tion of research-based evi­dence coun­tering the claims made by the sour­ces men­tio­ned by Ms Honey­ball, which we include below. This evi­dence cle­arly indi­ca­tes that Ms Honeyball’s report is seriously bia­sed with regards to the selec­tive cita­tion of sour­ces. Fur­ther­more, it fails to con­sider the needs of male and trans­gen­der sex workers and the diver­sity amongst purchasers of sexual ser­vices. To base any policy on such a metho­do­lo­gi­cally fla­wed docu­ment, par­ti­cu­larly one which would have such a detri­men­tal impact on the human rights and well­being of a large num­ber of mar­gi­na­li­sed indi­vi­du­als, would be set­ting a dan­ge­rous precedent.

The report by Ms Honey­ball fails to address the pro­blems and harms that can sur­round sex work and instead pro­du­ces bia­sed, inac­cu­rate and dis­pro­ven data. We believe that poli­cies should be based on sound evi­dence and thus hope that you will vote against the motion to cri­mi­na­lise sex workers’ cli­ents. We would sug­gest instead that it is import­ant to enter into a con­side­red debate which takes into account the sub­stan­tial amount of robust aca­de­mic evi­dence on the sub­ject, as well as that from sex workers them­sel­ves and civil society groups with long­stan­ding expe­ri­ence of working with sex workers.



1. Nicola Mai, Pro­fes­sor of Socio­logy and Migra­tion Stu­dies, Lon­don Metro­po­li­tan Uni­ver­sity, UK / Aix-Marseille Uni­ver­sité, France

2. Mag­gie O’Neill, Pro­fes­sor of Cri­mi­no­logy at Dur­ham Uni­ver­sity, UK

3. Dr Bir­git Sauer, Pro­fes­sor of Poli­ti­cal Sci­ence, Insti­tute for Poli­ti­cal Sci­ence, Uni­ver­sity of Vienna, Austria

4. Chris­tian Groes-Green, Assis­tant Pro­fes­sor, Insti­tute for Cul­ture and Iden­tity, Ros­kilde Uni­ver­sity, Denmark

5. Phil Hub­bard, PhD, Pro­fes­sor of Urban Stu­dies, School of Social Policy, Socio­logy and Social Rese­arch, and Direc­tor of Rese­arch, Faculty of Social Sci­en­ces, Uni­ver­sity of Kent, UK

6. Ine Van­we­sen­beeck, Pro­fes­sor of Sexual Deve­lop­ment, Diver­sity and Health, Depart­ment of Inter­di­sci­pli­nary Social Science/Child and Ado­le­scent Stu­dies, Utrecht Uni­ver­sity, The Netherlands

7. Chris­tiane Howe, Socio­lo­gist / Rese­ar­cher, Insti­tute of Eth­no­logy, Hum­boldt Uni­ver­sity Ber­lin, Germany

8. Rosie Camp­bell OBE, Visit­ing Rese­arch Fel­low Uni­ver­sity of Leeds & Post­gra­duate Rese­arch Stu­dent Uni­ver­sity of Dur­ham, UK

9. Dr Jay Levy, Rese­ar­cher & Con­sul­tant, UK

10. Katie Cruz, Lec­tu­rer, School of Law, Keele Uni­ver­sity, UK

11. Dr. Susann Huschke, Visit­ing Fel­low, Insti­tute for the Study of Con­flict Trans­for­ma­tion and Social Justice, Queen’s Uni­ver­sity Bel­fast, UK

12. Jenny Kün­kel, Rese­ar­cher and Lec­tu­rer in Geo­gra­phy, Uni­ver­sity Frank­furt a.M., Germany

13. Dr Belinda Brooks-Gordon, CPsy­chol, Rea­der in Psy­cho­logy and Social Policy, School of Psy­cho­lo­gi­cal Sci­en­ces, Birk­beck, Uni­ver­sity of Lon­don, UK

14. Giulia Garo­falo, PhD, Marie-Curie Post-Doctoral Fel­low, Depart­ment of Gen­der Stu­dies, Lund Uni­ver­sity, Sweden

15. Calo­gero Gia­metta, PhD, Socio­lo­gist, Post-Doctoral Fel­low, Aix-Marseille Uni­ver­sité, France.

16. Jane Scou­lar, Pro­fes­sor in Law at the Uni­ver­sity of Strath­clyde, UK

17. Mia Liinason, PhD, Post-Doctoral Fel­low, Depart­ment of Gen­der Stu­dies, Lund Uni­ver­sity, Sweden

18. Aneta Cekik, PhD, Assis­tant Pro­fes­sor of Poli­ti­cal sci­ence, Insti­tute for Socio­lo­gi­cal, Poli­ti­cal and Juri­di­cal Rese­arch, Ss. Cyril and Metho­dius Uni­ver­sity, Skopje, Macedonia

19. Tomasz Sikora, Assis­tant Pro­fes­sor at the English Depart­ment of the Pedago­gi­cal Uni­ver­sity of Cra­cow, Poland

20. Mat­thias Leh­mann, PhD Can­di­date, Faculty of Law, Queens Uni­ver­sity Bel­fast, UK

21. Jane Pit­cher, Post­gra­duate Rese­arch Stu­dent, Dept of Social Sci­en­ces, Lough­bo­rough Uni­ver­sity, UK

22. Stani­mir Panayo­tov, PhD Stu­dent in Com­pa­ra­tive Gen­der Stu­dies, Cen­tral Euro­pean Uni­ver­sity, Buda­pest, Hungary

23. Agata Dziuban, PhD, Faculty Mem­ber, Insti­tute of Socio­logy, Jagiel­lo­nian Uni­ver­sity, Poland

24. Ania Rate­cka, PhD Can­di­date, Insti­tute of Socio­logy, Jagiel­lo­nian Uni­ver­sity, Poland

25. Daniela Danna, Rese­ar­cher, Faculty of Poli­ti­cal Sci­ence, Uni­ver­sity of Milan, Italy

26. Ronald Weit­zer, Pro­fes­sor of Socio­logy at George Washing­ton Uni­ver­sity, USA

27. Heidi Hoefin­ger, PhD, Adjunct Pro­fes­sor, Depart­ment of Anthro­po­logy, John Jay Col­lege of Cri­mi­nal Justice, City Uni­ver­sity of New York, USA.

28. Dr Tuppy Owens, Foun­der and Direc­tor of the Outs­iders Trust and the TLC Trust, UK8

29. Anna Głogowska-Balcerzak, PhD Can­di­date, Faculty of Law and Admi­nis­tra­tion, Uni­ver­sity of Lodz, Poland

30. Kaoru Aoy­ama, PhD, Asso­ciate Pro­fes­sor in Socio­logy, Gra­duate School of Inter­cul­tu­ral Stu­dies, Kobe Uni­ver­sity, Japan

31. Carole S. Vance, PhD, MPH, Asso­ciate Pro­fes­sor of Socio­me­di­cal Sci­en­ces,  Mail­man School of Public Health, Colum­bia Uni­ver­sity, USA

32. Sea­ling Cheng, PhD, Asso­ciate Pro­fes­sor, The Chi­nese Uni­ver­sity of Hong Kong, China

33. Ker­win Kaye, PhD, Assis­tant Pro­fes­sor of Socio­logy, State Uni­ver­sity of New York Col­lege at Old West­bury, USA

34. Gil­lian Abel, Asso­ciate Pro­fes­sor of Public Health, Depart­ment of Popu­la­tion Health, Uni­ver­sity of Otago, New Zealand

35. Jan Jor­dan, PhD, Asso­ciate Pro­fes­sor, Insti­tute of Cri­mi­no­logy / Te Pou Hara­tu­tanga, Vic­to­ria Uni­ver­sity of Wel­ling­ton, New Zea­land / Aotearoa

36. Melissa Dit­more, PhD, Rese­arch con­sul­tant, Edi­tor, Ency­clo­pe­dia of Pro­sti­tu­tion and Sex Work, USA

37. Par­dis Mah­davi, PhD, Asso­ciate Pro­fes­sor and Chair, Depart­ment of Anthro­po­logy, Pomona Col­lege, USA

38. Svati P. Shah, PhD, Assis­tant Pro­fes­sor, Depart­ment of Women, Gen­der and Sexua­lity Stu­dies, Uni­ver­sity of Mas­sa­chu­setts, Amherst, USA

39. Eliza­beth Pisani, PhD, Epi­de­mio­lo­gist, Direc­tor, Ter­nyata Ltd. Public Health Con­sul­tancy, UK

40. Sma­ra­jit Jana, PhD, Public Health Spe­cia­list, For­mer Tech­ni­cal Advi­sor at UNAIDS, Prin­ci­pal at the Sona­ga­chi Rese­arch and Trai­ning Insti­tute, Kolk­ata, India

41.Maria Tonini, PhD Can­di­date, Depart­ment of Gen­der Stu­dies, Lund Uni­ver­sity, Sweden

42. Sla­vcho Dimitrov, MPhil Can­di­date in Multi-Disciplinary Gen­der Stu­dies, Uni­ver­sity of Cam­bridge / PhD Can­di­date in Gen­der Stu­dies and Phi­lo­so­phy, Euro-Balkan Uni­ver­sity, Skopje, Macedonia

43. Rafał Majka, PhD Can­di­date in Cul­tu­ral Stu­dies, Uni­ver­sity of Social Sci­en­ces and Huma­nities, War­saw, Poland

44. Anne Mul­hall, PhD, Direc­tor, Centre for Gen­der, Cul­ture and Iden­ti­ties, Uni­ver­sity Col­lege Dub­lin, Repu­blic of Ireland

45. Dr Ole Mar­tin Moen, Post­doc­to­ral Fel­low in Ethics, Uni­ver­sity of Oslo, Norway

46. Dr Hen­drik Wagenaar, Depart­ment of Town and Regio­nal Plan­ning, Uni­ver­sity of Shef­field, UK

47. Dr Fran­ces M. Shaver, Pro­fes­sor of Socio­logy, Con­cor­dia Uni­ver­sity, Mon­treal, Canada

48. Dr May-Len Skil­brei, Pro­fes­sor, Depart­ment of Cri­mi­no­logy and Socio­logy of Law, Uni­ver­sity of Oslo, Norway

49. Dr Calum Ben­nachie, Gen­der Stu­dies Expert, New Zea­land Pro­sti­tu­tes Collective

50. Dr Yuko Higa­shi, Pro­fes­sor, Osaka Pre­fec­ture Uni­ver­sity, Co-Chair of the Sexual Rights Com­mit­tee at World Asso­cia­tion for Sexual Health, Japan

51. Dr Gra­ham Ell­i­son, Rea­der in Cri­mi­no­logy, School of Law, Queen’s Uni­ver­sity Bel­fast, UK, Febru­ary 18th, 2014

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